Thanks for popping in.
The second of the November Art Talks was about Piet Mondrian and the De Stijl Art Movement.
The man behind De Stijl - art for an ideal society that was functional and in harmony - was Theo van Doesburg (1883-1931). He was known for his stained glass window designs. He met Pier Mondrian in 1915 and others like Bart van der Leck and Gerrit Rietveld and de Stijl was born.
|Stained glass window by Theo van Doesburg|
|View of Winterswijk|
He started painting influenced initially by The Hague school, which in turn was influenced by the Barbizon school, painting in the open air although the Hague school incorporated cities, seaside and working men rather than just the land. The Dutch painters focussed on what gave wealth to the city rather than painting the city itself. Mondrian loved painting village landscapes. He was influenced by Van Gogh and tried to simplify his work and his paintings of the dunes in Zeeland are even more simplified, have geometrical shapes and uses colour to give depth. His work was becoming more abstract.
When he went to Paris he was influenced by Picasso and the Cubists.
The De Stijl group used only vertical and horizontal lines, flat primary colours with, black grey and white being absence of colour and were only there to emphasise the other colours, to create the essence of life, optimism especially important following WWI, harmony, monumentality.
|Composition with red, yellow, black,grey and blue|
|Schroeder House 1924 Utrecht by Rietveld|
Towards the end of his life, Mondrian experimented with coloured sticky tape and then painted his pictures.
|Broadway Boogie-Woogie 1942-4 This represents the rhythm of New York, the noise and music|
Mondian's work is referred to as neoplasticism - finding the essence of life free from description and shape, abstraction of form and colour as straight lines and primary colour.
Just a few notes from the talk.